THE recorded history of the Ogilvies dates back to the days of William the Lion, when mention is made of a certain Gillebride, second son of Gillechrist, Earl of Angus, who assumed the name of Ogilvie from his estate so called. Patrick of Ogilvie, his grandson, was forced to swear fealty to the invader, Edward of England, for his lands in Forfar in 1296. In 1309 Robert I granted a charter to Patrick of Ogilvie of the Barony of Kettins in Forfar. Walter Ogilvie of Wester Pourie was Hereditary Sheriff of Forfar in 1385. His son, Walter Ogilvie was also High Sheriff of Forfar, in 1391, when he lost his life in a conflict with the famous Duncan Stewart. The line of Sir Alexander, eldest son of Sir Walter Ogilvie of Auchterhouse, ended in a daughter, who became Countess of Buchan. The headship of the family then fell to Sir Walter's second son, who was Lord High Treasurer under James I in 1425. He married Isobel Durward, heiress of Lintrathen, by which his posterity were designated until raised to the Peerage, his grandson, Sir James, being made Lord Ogilvie of Airlie in 1491 by James IV. He died in 1504. James, 6th Lord, was a loyal subject of Queen Mary. James, 8th Lord, was made Earl of Airlie by Charles I in 1639. The 5th Earl joined Prince Charles at Edinburgh in 1745 with 600 men. The Earl of Airlie, Chief of the clan, has the seats of Cortachy Castle and the "Bonnie Hoose o' Airlie," both in Angus. Other branches of the clan are the Ogilvies of Findlater and Deskford, the Ogilvies of Dunlugas, Ogilvie of Inverquharity, and Ogilvie of Barras.